Boko Haram has become so powerful?
Nigeria, Africa’s most brutal extremist group Boko Haram uprising has begun. He dominated large parts of Nigeria and Nigeria also threaten the integrity of the border with neighboring Cameroon has opened a new frontier.
Authorities believe that the turmoil in Nigeria arising from the northwest around 30 million people are affected by humanitarian crises.
Boko Haram is so effective, why?
Boko Haram is known about the organization is divided into several factions, which in northern and central Nigeria in a manner largely independent work.
International Crisis Group (ICG), a think tank believes that the six factions, which is active in the organized Borno State. Boko Haram large part of the province runs the command.
Boko Haram’s approach is that the scene of a town or village sends hundreds of foot soldiers. If there is a contingent of troops in Nigeria even if they are not suitable weapons and other equipment, so they stand out at parties of Boko Haram. He picks up the area occupied Boko Haram.
In the beginning it was not so. Boko Haram launched an uprising in 2009 when the Nigerian security forces killed thousands of workers after the victory was claimed. The founder of Boko Haram were also killed.
It is not clear how much of the Boko Haram fighters. According to British security and financial analyst Tom Keating their number is around nine thousand
After that Boko Haram was scattered and his fighters to Algeria, Sudan, and possibly fled Afghanistan, where he received military training. Boko Haram after returning workers were more radical. Some analysts believe that those who corrupt government than they once were as saviors, now even the most stringent of these are unhappy with Boko Haram.
How does the recruitment Boko Haram militants?
Boko Haram is mostly forced recruitment. Most of the fighters belong to the Kanuri tribe, who is the head of the clan of Abu sykaw.
It is not clear how much of the Boko Haram fighters. According to British security and financial analyst Tom Keating nine thousand of them around.
Where the money comes from?
If the Boko Haram storming towns often takes back the bank. Boko Haram Nigeria in 2012, the military had accused businessmen, politicians and officials have extorted from, and if the delay in paying any money it gets kidnapped.
Tom Keating says Nigeria recently a rich businessman has paid a million dollars to the organization.
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan that he is accused are not serious in dealing with Boko Haram
This amount is even higher for foreigners. In February 2013 for the release of a French family had paid $ 30 million.
Tom Keating estimated total annual revenues of Boko Haram is a million dollars. Why not spend a lot of organization that most of the fighters come from rural areas who do not have much.
Where is the gun?
Boko Haram in Nigeria is to capture several military camps and police stations, weapons and other military equipment on a scale where it’s come up. The armored vehicles, pick-up vehicles, rocket-propelled grenades and rifles. According to the ICG arms traffickers in the Sahel region have established relationships.
Homemade bombs used by Boko Haram, which in large numbers become large cheap.
You can beat it?
Nigeria, Cameroon, despite being the smallest country has been able to repel the attacks of Boko Haram
In 2013, the government declared a state of emergency in three northeastern states had. Boko Haram maydugury the army and was expelled from surrounding villages, whose fighters have fled the border with Cameroon walked into the vast wilderness. Then he began to attack and from there gradually took over a very large area.
Boko Haram leader Abubakar said he sykaw Domain Niger, Chad and Cameroon in the region will increase. If so, this conflict will assume international dimensions. It is expected that the former colonies of France to save his battle to be more actively involved.
However, so far managed to repel the invasion of Boko Haram’s Cameroon.
Boko Haram and other extremist organizations concerned
Last year, in a video message sykaw Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the head of the Islamic fifth call was addressed. He was praised al-Zawahiri. However sykaw of them did not declare loyalty to an organization.
Usually sykaw Hausa, Arabic and Kannur juggling speech, but recent attacks in Paris when he praised his speech was only in Arabic. Some analysts have expressed the idea that Boko Haram is trying to get international attention.